Contraceptive Services after Medicaid Expansion in a State with a Medicaid Family Planning Waiver Program

Susannah E. Gibbs*, S. Marie Harvey, Annie Larson, Jangho Yoon, Jeff Luck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background: Medicaid family planning programs provide coverage for contraceptive services to low-income women who otherwise do not meet eligibility criteria for Medicaid. In some states that expanded Medicaid eligibility following the Affordable Care Act (ACA), women who were previously eligible only for family planning services became eligible for full-scope Medicaid. The objective of this study was to provide context for the impact of the ACA Medicaid expansion on contraceptive service provision to women in Oregon who were newly enrolled in Medicaid following the expansion. Materials and Methods: We used Medicaid eligibility data to identify women ages 15-44 years who were newly enrolled in Oregon's Medicaid program following the ACA expansion (n = 305,042). Using Medicaid claims data, we described contraceptive services and other preventive reproductive care received in 2014-2017. Results: Overall, 20% of women newly enrolled in Medicaid received contraceptive counseling and 31% received at least one method. The most frequently received methods were the pill (38% of women who received any method), intrauterine device (28%), implant (15%), and injectable (12%). Community health centers played a significant role in contraceptive service provision, particularly for the implant and injectable. Nine of 10 women (89%) who received contraceptive services also received other preventive reproductive services. Conclusions: This study provides insight regarding receipt of contraceptive services and preventive reproductive care following Medicaid expansion in a state with a Medicaid family planning program. These findings underscore the importance of Medicaid expansion for reproductive health even in states with preexisting Medicaid family planning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)750-757
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Women's Health
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021


  • affordable care act
  • contraceptive services
  • Medicaid expansion


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