Conventional Cartilaginous Tumors: Evaluation and Treatment

Matthew E. Wells, Michael D. Eckhoff, Lisa A. Kafchinski, Elizabeth M. Polfer, Benjamin K. Potter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


»Enchondromas are benign cartilaginous lesions that rarely require surgical intervention.»Atypical cartilaginous tumors (ACTs), also referred to as grade-1 chondrosarcomas, may be managed without any intervention or with extended intralesional curettage and bone-void filling.»High-grade chondrosarcomas, or grade-2 and 3 chondrosarcomas, should be managed aggressively with wide resection.»Chemotherapy and radiation do not currently play a role in the treatment of chondrosarcomas.»Differentiating an enchondroma from an ACT and an ACT from a high-grade chondrosarcoma can be difficult and requires clinical experience, radiographic and advanced imaging, and possibly a biopsy. Ultimately, a multidisciplinary team that includes a musculoskeletal oncologist, a radiologist, and a pathologist is needed to make the most appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan for each patient.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2000159
JournalJBJS Reviews
Issue number5
StatePublished - 6 May 2021
Externally publishedYes


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