Correlates of human herpesvirus-8 seropositivity among U.S. military members recently infected with human immunodeficiency virus

Nancy F. Crum*, Mark R. Wallace, Kevin Stephan, David L. Blazes, Naomi Aronson, Sybil A. Tasker, Anne G. Thomas, Scott Wegner, Corey Casper, Anna Wald, Lawrence Corey, Stephanie K. Brodine

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Background: Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), the cause of Kaposi's sarcoma, is common among HIV-infected persons. The exact route of transmission of HHV-8 in various populations is still debated. Goal: The goal was to define the correlates of HHV-8 infection among men recently infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Study Design: Three hundred forty-two HIV-infected U.S. military men were evaluated using a questionnaire regarding potential risk factors and laboratory data, including HHV-8, herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2), syphilis, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C serologies. Results: The seroprevalence of HHV-8 was 32%. HHV-8 was significantly associated with hepatitis B seropositivity (odds ratio [OR], 2.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.5-4.1), and black ethnicity was negatively associated with HHV-8 (OR, 0.6; 95% CI, 0.3-0.9) in the multivariate analysis. HHV-8 was not associated with drug use or hepatitis C seropositivity. Among men who have sex with men (MSM), HHV-8 infection correlated with hepatitis B seropositivity (OR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.1-4.3) and HSV-2 (OR, 2.6; 95% CI, 1.4-4.9). Among heterosexuals, the correlates of HHV-8 were different; blacks as compared with whites (OR, 0.3; 95% CI, 0.1-0.8) and married versus single status (OR, 0.4; 95% CI, 0.2-0.9) were associated with a lower rate of HHV-8 infection. Among heterosexuals, hepatitis B, HSV-2, and sexual behaviors were not associated with HHV-8. Conclusion: This study suggests that the seroprevalence of HHV-8 is increased in both MSM and heterosexual men with HIV infection, and that the route(s) of HHV-8 acquisition might be different between MSM and heterosexuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-718
Number of pages6
JournalSexually transmitted diseases
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2003
Externally publishedYes


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