Creating a Three-Dimensional Reconstruction of the Glenohumeral Joint From Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Assist in Surgical Decision-Making

Jacob N. Dowe*, Matthew W. Bradley, Lance E. LeClere, Jonathan F. Dickens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Understanding the anatomical structure of a patient's shoulder joint is essential in surgical decision-making, especially regarding glenohumeral bone loss. The use of various imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT), bring certain advantages and disadvantages in assessing joint structure. Before a surgical procedure, bone loss can be observed and measured using these imaging techniques in both 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional (3D) views. The ability to visualize the shoulder joint in a 3D manner, as commonly done with CT scans, is helpful in assessing bone loss; however, CT involves exposure to radiation, additional time, and greater costs. The process of obtaining a 3D view of the shoulder joint from an MRI, although less common, can be completed effectively to assess bone loss while also solving some issues surrounding CT scans. By loading MRI datasets into an image-reformation program, such as 3D Slicer, the anatomical structures can be segmented to create realistic 3D models of the shoulder joint. Surgical direction can be determined after bone loss measurements and structural assessment of these models, without the need for CT scans. This technique can also be applied to other skeletal joints, in addition to the shoulder.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102972
JournalArthroscopy Techniques
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024
Externally publishedYes

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