Critical Care of Persons Infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Anuradha Ganesan*, Henry Masur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has transformed the prognosis for patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). With effective ART, these individuals can expect to live almost as long as their HIV-negative counterparts. Given that more than a million people infected with HIV currently live in the United States, the likelihood that the practicing intensivist will manage a patient infected with HIV is high. This review discusses the challenges associated with management of critically ill patients infected with HIV, including the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (a complication associated with ART initiation), ART-related toxicities, and the management of some common opportunistic infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-323
Number of pages17
JournalClinics in Chest Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2013


  • AIDS
  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • HIV
  • ICU


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