Cryopreserved Arterial Allografts Versus Rifampin-Soaked Dacron for the Treatment of Infected Aortic and Iliac Aneurysms

Armin Tabiei, Sebastian Cifuentes, Manju Kalra, Jill J. Colglazier, Bernardo C. Mendes, Melinda S. Schaller, Fahad Shuja, Todd E. Rasmussen, Randall R. DeMartino*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Infected aortic and iliac artery aneurysms are challenging to treat. Cryopreserved arterial allografts (CAAs) or rifampin-soaked Dacron (RSD) are standard options for in situ reconstruction. Our aim was to compare the safety and effectiveness of CAA versus RSD for these complex pathologies. Methods: This is a retrospective review of infected iliac, abdominal, and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms treated with either CAAs or RSD between 2002 and 2022 at our institution. The diagnosis was confirmed by intraoperative, radiologic, or microbiological evidence of aortic infection. Perioperative events, 30-day and long-term mortality, reinfection, and reintervention were analyzed. Results: Thirty patients (17 CAA, 13 RSD) with a mean age of 61 and 68 years, respectively, were identified. The infected aneurysm was most commonly suprarenal or infrarenal. Culture-negative infections were present in 47% of the CAA group and 54% in the RSD group. Early major morbidity was 57% and 54% for the CAA and RSD, respectively. Thirty-day mortality was similar between groups (18% vs. 23% CAA vs. RSD, P ≥ 0.99). Median follow-up was longer in the RSD group (14.5 months vs. 13 months). Overall survival at 1 and 5 years was 80.8% and 64.8% in the CAA group and 69.2% and 57.7% in the RSD group. Reinterventions only occurred with CAA repairs and indications included graft occlusion (2), multiple pseudoaneurysms and reinfection (1), and hemorrhagic shock caused by graft rupture (1). Freedom from reintervention at 1 and 3 years was 87.5% and 79.5% (CAA group) versus 100% and 100% (RSD, P = 0.06). Freedom from reinfection at 1 year was 100% in both groups, while at 3 years it was 90.9% for the CAA group and 100% for the RSD group (P = 0.39). Conclusions: Infected aortic and iliac aneurysms have high early morbidity and mortality. CAA and RSD had similar outcomes in our series; CAA trended toward higher reintervention rates. Both remain viable options for complex scenarios but require close surveillance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-58
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Vascular Surgery
StatePublished - Nov 2023
Externally publishedYes


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