Current methods of adipogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells

Michelle A. Scott, Virginia T. Nguyen, Benjamin Levi, Aaron W. James*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

175 Scopus citations


There has been a recent increase in our understanding in the isolation, culture, and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Concomitantly, the availability of MSCs has increased, with cells now commercially available, including human MSCs from adipose tissue and bone marrow. Despite an increased understanding of MSC biology and an increase in their availability, standardization of techniques for adipogenic differentiation of MSCs is lacking. The following review will explore the variability in adipogenic differentiation in vitro, specifically in 3T3-L1 and primary MSCs derived from both adipose tissue and bone marrow. A review of alternative methods of adipogenic induction is also presented, including the use of specific peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor-gamma agonists as well as bone morphogenetic proteins. Finally, we define a standard, commonly used adipogenic differentiation medium in the hopes that this will be adopted for the future standardization of laboratory techniques-however, we also highlight the essentially arbitrary nature of this decision. With the current, rapid pace of electronic publications, it becomes imperative for standardization of such basic techniques so that interlaboratory results may be easily compared and interpreted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1793-1804
Number of pages12
JournalStem Cells and Development
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Current methods of adipogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this