D3D augmented reality imaging system: Proof of concept in mammography

David B. Douglas*, Emanuel F. Petricoin, Lance Liotta, Eugene Wilson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present images from simulated breast microcalcifications and assess the pattern of the microcalcifications with a technical development called “depth 3-dimensional (D3D) augmented reality”. Materials and methods: A computer, head display unit, joystick, D3D augmented reality software, and an in-house script of simulated data of breast microcalcifications in a ductal distribution were used. No patient data was used and no statistical analysis was performed. Results: The D3D augmented reality system demonstrated stereoscopic depth perception by presenting a unique image to each eye, focal point convergence, head position tracking, 3D cursor, and joystick fly-through. Conclusion: The D3D augmented reality imaging system offers image viewing with depth perception and focal point convergence. The D3D augmented reality system should be tested to determine its utility in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-283
Number of pages7
JournalMedical Devices: Evidence and Research
StatePublished - 9 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • 3D medical imaging
  • Augmented reality
  • Depth perception
  • Radiology


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