Chronic pelvic pain is a common complaint among parous women at the reproductive age. With the advent of more sophisticated diagnostic methods, disorders of the pelvic venous circulation have been more frequently recognized as its possible origin. However, the pelvic venous syndromes are complex and not very well understood. Diagnostic and therapeutic methods are not standardized. Based on our experience with 66 patients and an extensive review of the literature we present an overview of the pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of pelvic venous disorders.
- Gonadal venous insufficiency
- Internal iliac vein insufficiency
- Nutcracker syndrome
- Pelvic pain
- Pelvic venous disorders