Most immunosuppressive regimens used in clinical vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) have been calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-based. As such, most recipients have experienced CNI-related side effects. Costimulation blockade, specifically CD28/B7 inhibition with belatacept, has emerged as a clinical replacement for CNI-based immunosuppression in kidney transplantation. We have previously shown that belatacept can be used as a centerpiece immunosuppressant for VCA in nonhuman primates, and subsequently reported successful conversion from a CNI-based regimen to a belatacept-based regimen after clinical hand transplantation. We now report on the case of a hand transplant recipient, whom we have successfully treated with a de novo belatacept-based regimen, transitioned to a CNI–free regimen. This case demonstrates that belatacept can provide sufficient prophylaxis from rejection without chronic CNI-associated side effects, a particularly important goal in nonlifesaving solid organ transplants such as VCA.
- clinical research/practice
- clinical trial
- immunosuppressant - fusion proteins and monoclonal antibodies: belatacept
- immunosuppression/immune modulation
- vascularized composite and reconstructive transplantation