Defense and veterans head injury program: Background and overview

Andres M. Salazar*, George A. Zitnay, Deborah L. Warden, Karen A. Schwab

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the principal cause of death and disability for young Americans, with an estimated societal cost of over $39 billion per year. The Defense and Veterans Head Injury Program (DVHIP) represents a close collaboration among the Departments of Defense (DoD) and Veterans Affairs (DVA), the Brain Injury Association (BIA), and the International Brain Injury Association (IBIA). Its principal mission is to ensure that military and veteran patients with head injury receive TBI-specific evaluation, treatment, rehabilitation, and follow-up, while at the same time addressing the readiness mission of the military and helping to define optimal care for victims of TBI nationwide. Defense and Veterans Head Injury Program activities can be grouped into three broad classes: (1) TBI education, community service, and primary prevention projects; (2) combined TBI clinical treatment, rehabilitation, and clinical research projects; and (3) clinically linked TBI laboratory research projects. It is thus based on a prudent integration of clinical care and follow-up with programmatic clinical and clinically related laboratory research, TBI prevention, and education. This previously nonexistent clinical infrastructure now offers a valuable base for ongoing TBI clinical research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1081-1091
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Brain injury
  • Head injury
  • Military
  • Rehabilitation
  • TBI disease management
  • Veterans


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