Developing the Ready Military Medical Force: military-specific training in Graduate Medical Education

Emily W. Baird*, Daniel T. Lammers, Richard D. Betzold, Shaun R. Brown, Matthew D. Tadlock, Matthew J. Eckert, Daniel B. Cox, Jeffrey D. Kerby, Jennifer M. Gurney, Eric A. Elster, John B. Holcomb, Jan O. Jansen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction Graduate Medical Education plays a critical role in training the next generation of military physicians, ensuring they are ready to uphold the dual professional requirements inherent to being both a military officer and a military physician. This involves executing the operational duties as a commissioned leader while also providing exceptional medical care in austere environments and in harm’s way. The purpose of this study is to review prior efforts at developing and implementing military unique curricula (MUC) in residency training programs. Methods We performed a literature search in PubMed (MEDLINE), Embase, Web of Science, and the Defense Technical Information Center through August 8, 2023, including terms “graduate medical education” and “military.” We included articles if they specifically addressed military curricula in residency with terms including “residency and operational” or “readiness training”, “military program”, or “military curriculum”. Results We identified 1455 articles based on title and abstract initially and fully reviewed 111. We determined that 64 articles met our inclusion criteria by describing the history or context of MUC, surveys supporting MUC, or military programs or curricula incorporated into residency training or military-specific residency programs. Conclusion We found that although there have been multiple attempts at establishing MUC across training programs, it is difficult to create a uniform curriculum that can be implemented to train residents to a single standard across services and specialties.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere001302
JournalTrauma Surgery and Acute Care Open
Issue number1
StatePublished - 21 Feb 2024
Externally publishedYes


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