Development and Implementation of Urologic Care Army/Air Force/Navy Provider Education, a Urologic Emergency Simulation Curriculum

Ashley S Hafer, W Brain Sweeney, Alexis L Battista, Holly S Meyer, Brenton R Franklin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Military general surgeons commonly perform urologic procedures, yet, there are no required urologic procedural minimums during general surgery residency training. Additionally, urologists are not included in the composition of forward operating surgical units. Urologic Care Army/Air Force/Navy Provider Education was created to provide military general surgeons with training to diagnose and treat frequently encountered urologic emergencies when practicing in environments without a urologist present.

STUDY DESIGN: A literature review and needs assessment were conducted to identify diagnoses and procedures to feature in the course. The course included a 1-hour didactic session and then a 2-hour hands-on simulated skills session using small, lightweight, cost-effective simulators. Using a pretest-posttest design, participants completed confidence and knowledge assessments before and after the course. The program was granted educational exemption by the institutional review board.

RESULTS: Twenty-seven learners participated. They demonstrated statistically significant improvement on the knowledge assessment (45.4% [SD 0.15] to 83.6% [SD 0.10], P < .01). On the confidence assessment, there were statistically significant (P ≤ .001) improvements for identifying phimosis, paraphimosis, and testicular torsion, as well as identifying indications for suprapubic catheterization, retrograde urethrogram, and cystogram. There were also statistically significant (P < .001) improvements for performing: suprapubic catheterization, dorsal penile block, dorsal slit, scrotal exploration, orchiopexy, orchiectomy, retrograde urethrogram, and cystogram.

CONCLUSION: We created the first-ever urologic emergencies simulation curriculum for military general surgeons that has demonstrated efficacy in improving the diagnostic confidence, procedural confidence, and topic knowledge for the urologic emergencies commonly encountered by military general surgeons.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMilitary Medicine
StatePublished - 19 Jan 2022


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