Development of a computed tomography perfusion protocol to support large animal resuscitation research

Hossam Abdou, Noha Elansary, David Poliner, Neerav Patel, Joseph Edwards, Michael Richmond, Todd Rasmussen, Thomas Ptak, Thomas M. Scalea, Jonathan J. Morrison*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Adequate cerebral perfusion is crucial for a positive neurological outcome in trauma; however, it is difficult to characterize in the acute setting with noninvasive methods. Intra-arterial computed tomography perfusion may offer a solution. The aim of this study was to develop an intra-arterial computed tomography perfusion protocol for resuscitation research. METHODS: The study examined intra-arterial contrast administration for computed tomography perfusion (CTP) acquisition. It consisted of three phases: intra-arterial contrast dose finding, evaluation of reproducibility, and evaluation during hypotension. Blood pressure and laser Doppler flow data were collected. In phase 1, animals underwent CTPs using several intra-arterial contrast injection protocols. In phase 2, animals underwent two CTPs 7 hours apart using the 2.5 mL/s for 3-second protocol. In phase 3, animals underwent CTPs at several pressures following a computer-controlled bleed including euvolemia and at systolic pressures of 60, 40, and 20 mm Hg. Phase 1 CTPs were evaluated for contrast-to-noise ratio. In phase 2, CTPs were compared within each animal and with laser Doppler flow using linear regression. Phase 3 CTPs were graphed against systolic pressure and fitted with a nonlinear fit. RESULTS: The protocol using 2.5mL/s for 3 seconds was optimal, demonstrating a contrast-to-noise ratio of 40.1 and a superior arterial input function curve compared with the 1 mL/s bolus. Cerebral blood flow demonstrated high concordance between baseline and end of study CTPs (R2 = 0.82, p < 0.001). Cerebral blood flow also compared moderately well against laser Doppler flow during 8 (R2 = 0.53, p = 0.03); however, laser Doppler flow did not perform well during hypovolemia, and the favorable concordance was not maintained (R2 = 0.45, p = 0.06). Cerebral blood flow was graphed against systolic blood pressure and fitted with a nonlinear fit (R2 = 0.95, p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Computed tomography perfusion using intra-arterial contrast injection may offer a novel alternative to traditional CTP protocols that could prove a useful additional tool in the setting of resuscitation research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)879-885
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • CT perfusion
  • intra-arterial contrast
  • resuscitation research
  • swine


Dive into the research topics of 'Development of a computed tomography perfusion protocol to support large animal resuscitation research'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this