Development of a prosthetic fit and alignment assessment (ProFit) in persons with post-traumatic transtibial amputation

Major Extremity Trauma Research Consortium (METRC)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: There are no standards for reliably measuring the quality of prosthetic fit and alignment which is important for evaluation and improvement of clinical care for patients with transtibial amputation. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument to quantitatively assess prosthetic fit and alignment in patients with transtibial amputation. Study Design: Prospective cohort study. Methods:The fit and alignment assessment (ProFit) included 39 items for assessments of skin quality, stance and gait, and radiographic characteristics that could be feasibly captured in clinic using photographs, video, and radiographs. Data were collected on adults aged 18-60 years treated with transtibial amputation and followed up for 18months at 1 of 27UShospitals.One hundred thirteen assessments were conducted by 6 prosthetists using an online platform. Items demonstrating reliability and face validity were included in the ProFit score for subsequent validation testing. Validation measures included 18-month patient-reported function (Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment ), tests of physical performance, patient-reported pain (Brief Pain Inventory ), satisfaction with prosthesis (Orthotics Prosthetics Users Survey), prosthesis use, and walking activity. Results: The ProFit score included 10 of 39 items that demonstrated high inter-rater reliability and face validity. A higher ProFit score correlated with worse function on all domains of the Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment except arm and hand and with worse performance on the 4-Square Step Test, Shuttle Run, and Illinois Agility Test. ProFit scores did not correlate with the Brief Pain Inventory, Orthotics Prosthetics Users Survey, prosthesis use, or walking activity. Conclusions: The ProFit score can be used by researchers and clinicians tomeasure the quality of socket fit and prosthetic alignment. Future prospective validation is necessary to verify the promising results observed in ProFit development and establish clinical utility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-606
Number of pages8
JournalProsthetics and orthotics international
Volume47
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • alignment
  • amputation
  • fit
  • prosthesis
  • socket
  • transtibial

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