Differential epidural block

Rom A. Stevens*, Jack G. Bray, James D. Artuso, KAO Tzu-Cheg, Loren Spitzer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract: Background and Objectives. Loss of sensation to pinprick and cold are commonly used to test the extent of epidural anesthesia. To see what difference exists between the level of epidural block determined by various sensory modalities, we performed this study in ten volunteers using epidural anesthesia with plain 3% chloroprocaine hydrochloride. Methods. Four injections of chloroprocaine were made via an epidural catheter inserted at L2-3 with increasing larger volumes. Sensory modalities tested were (1) absence of sensation when tested by pinprick (anesthesia), (2) loss of a sharp sensation compared to an unblocked dermatome when tested by pinprick (analgesia), and (3) loss of cold sensation when tested with an alcohol swab compared to an unblocked dermatome. Results. At 20 minutes after each injection the level of anesthesia was found to be most caudad and the level of analgesia most cephalad. The zone of differential block was greater than four dermatomes at the highest level of block tested. The level of loss of cold sensation was found between the other two levels. Differences between the levels of analgesia and cold sensation tended to be greater with more extensive block. Differences between levels of anesthesia and cold sensation did not significantly change as the extent of epidural anesthesia was increased. Conclusions. This study establishes the existence of a differential epidural anesthesia during high thoracic block with distance from site of injection increases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-25
Number of pages4
JournalRegional Anesthesia
Volume17
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anesthesia techniques
  • Anesthetics
  • Chloroprocaine
  • Differential block
  • Epidural
  • Local

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