Differentiation and classification of parental lines and favorable genic interactions affecting F1 fertility in distant crosses of rice (Oryza sativa L.)

R. H. Li, C. G. Xue, L. P. Yuan, Y. Q. He, C. Q. Sun, S. B. Yu, X. H. Li, X. K. Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This study was intended to investigate the extent of genetic differentiation in parental lines of rice hybrids and to analyze the genetic basis underlying the fertility phenomenon in distant crosses. Two subsets of rice material (111 entries in total) were used, including 81 doubled-haploid (DH) lines and 30 Indica and Japonica rice varieties or lines (as a control). The DH lines was derived from a heterotic Indica/Japonica cross (Gui630/02428) by anther culture. The materials in the control represent a broad spectrum of the Asian cultivated rice gene pool including landraces, primitive cultivars, historically important cultivars, modern elite cultivars, super rice and parents of superior hybrids. In accordance with the NC II design, 57 out of the DH lines were test-crossed to two important wide compatibility lines: photoperiod-sensitive genetic male sterile (PGMS) line N422s and thermo-sensitive genetic male sterile (TGMS) line Peiai64s. The F1s and their parents, 182 entries in total, were examined for the performance of seven traits in a replicated field trial. All the rice materials was surveyed for polymorphisms using 92 RFLP markers selected from two published molecular marker linkage maps. Genotypes of the F1 hybrids at the molecular-marker loci were deduced from the parental genotypes. The analysis showed that there were two types of genetic differentiation in the two subsets of rice material; that is, qualitative differentiation in the control and quantitative differentiation in the DH lines. In addition, favorable genie interactions (both intra- or inter-locus) contributed to better increase the fertility in hybrids of distant crosses through incorporation of a wide-compatibility line as the female parent. Favorable genie interactions can be applied in hybrid rice breeding programs by selecting parents with an appropriate extent of genetic differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)526-538
Number of pages13
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Mar 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Classification of parental lines
  • Genetic differentiation
  • Genie interaction
  • Oryza sativa L.
  • Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)


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