The lower extremities provide the stable platform for locomotion and all movements while upright. They are subject to much higher force loads than the upper extremities. Walking has an impact force of 1.2-3 times a patient’s body weight (BW), and running can increase the impact force anywhere from 7-10 times BW. Compounded over a lifetime, the lower extremities are subject to tremendous loads. Multiple intrinsic and extrinsic factors increase the risk for lower extremity injuries. These include but are not limited to musculoskeletal abnormalities (e.g., pes cavus), obesity, advancing age, chronic illness (e.g., diabetes, COPD), training errors, certain medication use, and previous trauma.
|Title of host publication||Family Medicine|
|Subtitle of host publication||Principles and Practice: Eighth Edition|
|Publisher||Springer International Publishing|
|Number of pages||26|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2022|