Distribution of the Cellular Uptake of Phosphorothioate Oligodeoxynucleotides in the Rat Kidney in vivo

Michael A. Carome*, Yuan Hsu Kang, Erin M. Bahen, Diarmuid E. Nicholson, Frances E. Carr, Luana C. Kiandoli, Sara E. Brumme, Christina M. Yuan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Previous animal studies have demonstrated that following systemic administration phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides (S-ODNs) are primarily excreted by the kidneys and that renal tissue levels of S-ODNs exceed that of other organs. Thus, the kidney may be an ideal target organ for application of antisense S-ODNs in vivo. We examined which cells within the rat kidney have uptake of radiolabeled S-ODNs following intravenous infusion. A 20-base 35S-ODN was infused into 6 adult male Wistar rats. Three animals each were sacrificed 30 min and 4 h after infusion. The kidneys were then removed, fixed, and tissue autoradiography was performed. Similar results were obtained in both groups. The highest level of radioactivity was seen within the proximal tubules. Lower levels of activity were seen within the glomerulus, the parietal epithelial cells of Bowman’s space, and distal tubular cells. Very weak activity was also detected within the cells of the loop of Henle and the medullary collecting ducts. These results demonstrated that within the kidney S-ODNs were taken up primarily by proximal tubular cells, with much lower uptake by cells in other segments of the nephron.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-87
Number of pages6
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Antisense
  • Autoradiography
  • Gene therapy
  • Phosphorothioate oligonucleotide
  • Rat kidney


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