Effect of acute restraint stress in a polytrauma rat model

Françoise Arnaud*, Georgina Pappas, Ye Chen, Eric Maudlin-Jeronimo, Richard McCarron

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Introduction: A stressful environment may contribute to poor outcomes after TBI. The current study evaluates the impact of acute stress in a polytrauma rat model. Methods: Rats were stressed by a 45-minute immobilization period before instrumentation under ketamine (t1). Polytrauma was produced by blast overpressure and controlled hemorrhage (t2). Rats were euthanized immediately after a 3 h simulated Medevac-transport time (t3) or after 72 h post-trauma (t4). Corticosterone, ACTH, and ACTH receptor gene expression were measured at these time points. Physiological parameters were monitored throughout the study. Results: HR was higher in stressed compared to unstressed animals at t1. Corticosterone and ACTH levels were similar for all conditions at t1 and t2; ACTH and corticosterone became elevated in all groups at t3 and at t4, respectively. The ACTH receptor gene expression trended towards higher values at t4 for the stressed animals whether being injured or not. Survival after injury was 83% in both unstressed and stressed animals. Conclusion: Overall, corticosterone was not significantly affected following acute stress in ketamine-anesthetized rats. Early mortality was primarily due to polytrauma and change in the animal's biochemical parameters appeared at t4 post trauma. The findings indicate that ketamine-anesthesia and/or surgery may have overshadowed the effect of the initial stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-97
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroscience Letters
StatePublished - 25 Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Anesthesia
  • Blast
  • Hemorrhage
  • Responsiveness
  • Stress


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