Effect of platelet-activating factor on coronary circulation of the domestic pig

G. Feuerstein, L. M. Boyd, D. Ezra, R. E. Goldstein

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The platelet-activating factor released by white blood cells and platelets has been shown to be 1-O-hexadecyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (AGEPC). To fully understand the cardiovascular actions of this substance, we examined the effects of AGEPC on coronary blood flow (CBF) and other hemodynamic parameters in anesthetized open-chest domestic pigs. Mean arterial blood pressure (MBP), electrocardiogram, heart rate (HR), left ventricular pressure, and CBF were continuously recorded. AGEPC was injected (bolus, 0.1 ml) into the left anterior descending coronary artery at increasing doses of 0.03-10 nmol. Intracoronary AGEPC produced biphasic changes in CBF: a dose-dependent increase in CBF (up to 50%) followed by a decrease (up to 92%) in CBF. The changes in CBF were not directly related to any systemic effect, although MBP was reduced consistently after a dose higher than 1 nmol of AGEPC. The increase in CBF produced by AGEPC was not affected by pretreatment with indomethacin (6 mg/kg) or FPL 55712 (1 or 3 mg), an inhibitor of slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A). The decrease in CBF produced by AGEPC was attenuated by FPL 55712 and blocked by indomethacin. These data suggest that AGEPC release from aggregating platelets might play a major role in modulating CBF and cardiac function in states involving platelet-coronary interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H466-H471
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes


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