Effects of a preventive parent-training intervention on observed family-interactions: Proximal outcomes from preparing for the drug free years

Rick Kosterman*, J. David Hawkins, Richard Spoth, Kevin P. Haggerty, Kangmin Zhu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations

Abstract

Children are especially vulnerable to the initiation of substance use and other problem behaviors as they move from childhood into early adolescence. This is true for children living in urban and rural areas alike. A number of family-related factors have been identified that contribute to the risk for or protection against such problems. This article reports the results of an experimental test of the effects of Preparing for the Drug Free Years (PDFY) on targeted parental behaviors. PDFY is a parenting curriculum based theoretically on the social development model; it seeks to reduce risks and enhance protection against early substance use initiation by improving patterns of parental behavior and family interaction predictive of childhood substance use. The study examined parental behavior targeted by specific intervention sessions, based on systematic observations of videotaped family interactions. The sample consisted of economically stressed, rural Midwestern families. Consistent with hypotheses, the PDFY intervention was found to be effective in promoting proactive communication from parent to child and in improving the quality of parent-child relationships. PDFY also reduced mothers' negative interactions with their children in the study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-352
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Community Psychology
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1997
Externally publishedYes

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