Effects of medial meniscal posterior horn avulsion and repair on meniscal displacement

Christopher N. Hein, Jennifer Gurske Deperio, Mark T. Ehrensberger*, John M. Marzo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

Medial meniscal posterior root avulsion (MMRA) leads to deleterious alteration of medial joint compartment loading profiles and increased risk of medial degenerative changes. Surgical repair restores more normal biomechanics to the knee. Our hypothesis is that MMRA will cause medial meniscal (MM) extrusion and gap formation between the root attachment site and MM. Meniscal root repair will restore the ability of the meniscus to resist extrusion, and reduce gap formation at the defect. Seven fresh frozen human cadaveric knees were dissected and mechanically loaded using a servo-hydraulic load frame (MTS ®) with 0 and 1800. N. The knees were tested under three conditions: native, avulsed, and repaired. Four measurements were obtained: meniscal displacement anteriorly, medially, posteriorly, and gap distance between the root attachment site and MM after transection and repair. The medial displacement of the avulsed MM (3.28 mm) was significantly greater (p<0.001) than the native knee (1.60 mm) and repaired knee (1.46 mm). Gap formation is significantly larger in the avulsed compared to repaired state at 0 (p<0.02) and 1800 N (p<0.02) and also larger with loading in both avulsed (p<0.05) and repaired (p<0.02) conditions. Therefore, MMRA results in MM extrusion from the joint and gap formation between the MM root and the MM. Subsequent surgical repair reduces meniscal displacement and gap formation at the defect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-192
Number of pages4
JournalThe Knee
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Knee
  • Meniscus
  • Meniscus extrusion
  • Root avulsion

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