Electronic Rapid Fitness Assessment Identifies Factors Associated with Adverse Early Postoperative Outcomes following Radical Cystectomy

Gregory T. Chesnut, Amy L. Tin, Daniel D. Sjoberg, Brian Jang, Nicole Benfante, Saman Sarraf, Harry Herr, S. Mac Hele Donat, Guido Dalbagni, Bernard Bochner, Armin Shahrokni, Alvin C. Goh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Purpose:Frailty is associated with adverse outcomes following radical cystectomy. Prospective tools to identify factors affecting outcomes are needed. We describe a novel electronic rapid fitness assessment to evaluate geriatric patients undergoing radical cystectomy.Materials and Methods:Before undergoing radical cystectomy between February 2015 and February 2018, 80 patients older than age 75 years completed the electronic rapid fitness assessment and were perioperatively comanaged by the Geriatrics Service. Physical function and cognitive function over 12 domains were evaluated and an accumulated geriatric deficit score was compiled. Hospital length of stay, discharge disposition, unplanned intensive care unit admissions, urgent care visits, readmissions, complications and deaths were assessed.Results:A total of 65 patients who underwent radical cystectomy for bladder cancer without concomitant procedures completed the assessment. Median age was 80 (77, 84) years and 52 (80%) were male. A higher proportion of patients with intensive care unit admission, urgent care visit and major complications had impairments identified within electronic rapid fitness assessment domains, including Timed Up and Go. Readmission rates were similar between patients with or without deficits identified. Higher accumulated geriatric deficit score was significantly associated with intensive care unit admission (p=0.035), death within 90 days (p=0.037) and discharge to other than home (p=0.0002).Conclusions:We demonstrated the feasibility of assessing fitness in patients older than 75 years undergoing radical cystectomy using a novel electronic fitness tool. Physical limitations and overall impairment corresponded to higher intensive care unit admission rates and adverse postoperative outcomes. Larger studies in less resourced environments are required to validate these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-406
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • aged
  • cystectomy
  • frailty


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