Elevated Basal Serum Tryptase: Disease Distribution and Variability in a Regional Health System

Aubri M. Waters, Hyun J. Park, Andrew L. Weskamp, Allyson Mateja, Megan E. Kachur, Jonathan J. Lyons, Benjamin J. Rosen, Nathan A. Boggs*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Hereditary-alpha tryptasemia (HαT) is the most common etiology for elevated basal serum tryptase (BST). However, the utility of tryptase genotyping of individuals with elevated BST in general clinical practice remains undefined. Moreover, studies showing associations between elevated BST and chronic kidney disease (CKD), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), rheumatoid arthritis, or eosinophilic esophagitis did not include tryptase genotyping. Objective: To determine the utility of tryptase genotyping among individuals with moderate elevations in BST at a regional health system. Methods: Clinical and laboratory data from 109 subjects with basal tryptase values of 7.5 ng/mL or greater who were tested for HαT or had a disorder previously linked to elevated BST were collected retrospectively by chart review. Results: Fifty-eight subjects had elevated BST defined as 11.5 ng/mL or greater. HαT was found in 63.8% (n = 37), 12.1% (n = 7) had CKD, and 20.7% (n = 12) had clonal myeloid disorders. A total of 6.9% (n = 4) with elevated BST had negative testing for HαT, CKD, and myeloid neoplasms. Two subjects with CKD, 1 subject with MDS, and 1 with myeloid hypereosinophilic syndrome had negative testing for HαT. Among subjects with elevated BST and more than 1 tryptase measurement, 41.5% (n = 22) had BST variability that exceeded the 20% plus 2 formula. Increased BST variability was found in subjects with HαT, all forms of mastocytosis, CKD, MDS, and those with no associated diagnosis. Conclusions: HαT, CKD, and clonal myeloid disorders or a combination of the 3 constitute approximately 90% of individuals with elevated BST in clinical practice. Myeloid neoplasms were over-represented in this cohort relative to population prevalence data suggesting tryptase measurement selection bias by clinicians or higher prevalence. Elevated BST is associated with increased tryptase variability, regardless of etiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2424-2435.e5
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Disease distribution
  • Elevated basal tryptase algorithm
  • Hereditary-alpha tryptasemia
  • Mastocytosis
  • Myeloid neoplasms
  • Tryptase
  • Variability

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