Endophthalmitis: a bibliographic review

Christian I. Wade, Todd D. Whitescarver, Cody R. Ashcroft, Samuel D. Hobbs, Boonkit Purt, Ashvini K. Reddy, Marcus H. Colyer, Grant A. Justin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Purpose: To analyze the 100 most cited articles pertaining to endophthalmitis using bibliometric analysis. Methods: An all-time Web of Science literature search and refined to peer-reviewed articles in the field of ophthalmology with the keyword “endophthalmitis” was completed. Total citation count of articles published pertaining to endophthalmitis, topic, incidence rate, publishing journals, year published, language, country of origin, number of authors, names of the first and last authors, study type, and number of patients/eyes studied. Results: The top 100 most cited articles pertaining to endophthalmitis had a mean citation count of 362.92, with a range of 175 to 3583. They were published in 20 peer-reviewed journals, with Ophthalmology publishing the most (n = 42). Thirteen different countries were represented, with the majority (n = 77) originating from the USA. The most common study type was clinical experiences (n = 52), though eight of the top ten were clinical trials. The number of patients varied widely, represented by a mean of 9680, but with a median of only 229. The majority (n = 67) examined the incidence of endophthalmitis which included 24 articles after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections, 18 after ocular surgeries/procedures, 15 after intraocular steroid injections, eight after chemotoxic drug use, and three after ocular injuries. Conclusion: This bibliographic study serves as a unique historical analysis of the top 100 cited scholarly articles pertaining to endophthalmitis with many of the articles related to post-procedural endophthalmitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4151-4161
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Ophthalmology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Bibliographic review
  • Cataract surgery
  • Endophthalmitis
  • Intravitreal injection
  • Postoperative endophthalmitis


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