Endothelium-derived inhibitors efficiently attenuate the aggregation and adhesion responses of refrigerated platelets

Kristin M. Reddoch, Robbie K. Montgomery, Armando C. Rodriguez, M. Adam Meledeo, Heather F. Pidcoke, Anand K. Ramasubramanian, Andrew P. Cap*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Refrigeration of platelets (4°C) provides the possibility of improving transfusion practice over the current standard-of-care, room temperature (RT) storage. However, the increased level of platelet activation observed at 4°C in vitro is cause for concern of uncontrolled thrombosis in vivo. In this study, we assessed the safety of 4°C-stored platelets by evaluating their response to physiologic inhibitors prostacyclin (PGI2) and nitric oxide (NO). Apheresis platelets were collected from healthy donors (n=4) and tested on Day 1 (fresh) or Day 5 (RT-and 4°C-stored) after treatment with PGI2 and NO or not for: thrombin generation; factor V (FV) activity; intracellular free calcium, cAMP and cGMP; ATP release; TRAPinduced activation; aggregation to ADP, collagen, and TRAP, and adhesion to collagen under arterial flow. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey test for multiple comparisons, with significance set at P<0.05. Treatment with inhibitors increased intracellular cAMP and cGMP levels in fresh and stored platelets. Thrombin generation was significantly accelerated in stored platelets consistent with increased factor V levels, PS exposure, CD62P expression, intracellular free calcium, and ATP release. While treatment with inhibitors did not attenuate thrombin generation in stored platelets, activation, aggregation, and adhesion responses were inhibited by both PGI2 and NO in 4°C-stored platelets. In contrast, though RT-stored platelets were activated, they did not adhere or aggregate in response to agonists. Thus, refrigerated platelets maintain their intracellular machinery, are responsive to agonists and platelet function inhibitors, and perform hemostatically better than RT-stored platelets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-227
Number of pages8
JournalShock
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apheresis Platelets
  • Cold Storage
  • Hemostatic Function
  • Inhibition

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