To investigate the possibility of enhanced gastrointestinal absorption of aluminum in uremia, we measured the urinary aluminum excretion of rats following an oral load of 11 mg aluminum. Rats, in which uremia had been established by the remnant kidney model, excreted 1.5 to 2.2-fold higher amounts of aluminum in their urine over a collection period of five days compared with their controls. Within this period of time up to 0.17 ± 0.08% of the oral dose of aluminum was recovered in the urine of the uremic animals. Serum concentrations of aluminum were significantly elevated five hours after ingestion of aluminum, but this increase was similar in rats with normal or reduced renal function. Uremic rats excreted significantly less aluminum during the first 24 hours after i.v. administration of 15 μg aluminum if the data were corrected for the higher baseline excretion rates. The excretion rate showed a negative correlation with the serum creatine. Selective parathyroidectomy had no effect on the pattern or amount of urinary aluminum excretion after an oral load in either uremic rats or in rats with normal renal function. We conclude that the gastrointestinal absorption of aluminum is increased in uremic rats, and that parathyroid hormone has no detectable effect on the magnitude of aluminum absorption, regardless of the renal function in this model.