Enhancing the notification system for surveillance of infectious diseases in Qatar during the FIFA World Cup 2022: project overview

Wafa Ibrahim, Sayed Himatt, Sara Heikal, Maha Al Shamali, Raihana Jabbar, Tasneem Elshareif, Agnes Bakiri, Montaha Mahmoud, Rula Shami, Hanaa Saeed, Ghaydah Al Shami, Douaa Omer, Esraa Barakat, Lylu Mahadoon, Taysser Elshaikh, Rania Rahma, Entesar Omer, Aiman Elbourdiny, Hamad Al Romaihi, Mohamed Al ThaniMohamed Sallam*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: In 2022, the Surveillance Department of the Ministry of Public Health in Qatar adopted an integrated project called the Notification Enhancement Project (NEP) to enhance the infectious disease notification system. Efficient surveillance and notification promote early alerts and allow immediate interference in reducing morbidity and mortality from outbreaks. The project was designed to improve the knowledge, attitudes, practices, and notification processes of healthcare workers in Qatar by increasing their reporting rates. Methods: The strategy for comprehensively enhancing notifications was based on the observation and evaluation of the current notification system, the implementation of interventions, and post-evaluation follow-up. To implement the project, we relied on three aspects: effective methods used in previous relevant studies through a literature review, feedback received from healthcare workers, and suggestions from public health surveillance experts from the Ministry of Public Health, Qatar. A preassessment was conducted through an online survey by the Ministry of Public Health. The effectiveness of the different interventions was assessed by analyzing the data of notified patients reported through the Disease Surveillance and Reporting Electronic System. Pre- and postintervention assessments were performed by comparing the percentage of patients notified by healthcare providers with that of patients confirmed by healthcare providers in the laboratory to compare the notification rates over three time periods between January and December 2022. Results: There was significant improvement in the infectious disease notification process. A comparison before and after the implementation of the interventions revealed an increase in the communicable disease notification rate among healthcare workers. Pre- and postintervention data were compared. Infectious disease notification activities by healthcare workers increased from 2.5% between January and May 2022 to 41.4% between November and December 2022. Conclusion: This study highlights the efficiency of different interventions in correcting the underreporting of infectious diseases. Our findings suggest that implementing the Notification Enhancement Project significantly improves notification rates. We recommend continuing interventions through constant education and training, maintaining solid communication with HCWs through regular reminder emails and feedback, periodic assessment of the electronic notification system, and engagement of healthcare workers and other stakeholders to sustain and expand progress achieved through continuous evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number625
JournalBMC Public Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • FIFA World Cup 2022
  • Infectious diseases
  • Notification System
  • Qatar
  • Reporting rate
  • Surveillance


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