Erratum to: Chapter 26 in: N.D. Martin, L.J. Kaplan (eds.), Principles of Adult Surgical Critical Care, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-33341-0_26 We received following correction from author after publication of this book. This correction was carried out in the book. In Figure 26.1b, the word amplification was misspelled as amplifivation. The corrected version is available below.