Evaluating the Ecological Validity of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire Among Obese Adults Using Ecological Momentary Assessment

Tyler B. Mason*, Carly R. Pacanowski, Jason M. Lavender, Ross D. Crosby, Stephen A. Wonderlich, Scott G. Engel, James E. Mitchell, Scott J. Crow, Carol B. Peterson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study evaluated the ecological validity (i.e., accurate measurement of a construct as experienced in naturalistic settings) of the self-report Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ). Obese adults (N = 50) completed the DEBQ, followed by a 2-week ecological momentary assessment protocol that included measures of eating episodes and associated intrapersonal contextual factors. Results revealed that DEBQ Emotional Eating was associated with greater negative affect and less positive affect at both pre- and post-eating episode, as well as post-eating ratings of feeling driven to eat. DEBQ External Eating was positively associated with pre-eating expectations about enjoying the taste of food, but was unrelated to actual enjoyment reported post-eating; External Eating was positively associated with the post-eating ratings of feeling driven to eat. DEBQ Dietary Restraint was positively associated with pre-eating intentions to eat less to lose/avoid gaining weight. Overall, results provide some support for the ecological validity of the DEBQ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-914
Number of pages8
JournalAssessment
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire
  • dietary restraint
  • ecological validity
  • emotional eating
  • external eating

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