Expression of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor mRNA in normal and tumorigenic rodent mammary glands

Jeffrey M. Gimble*, Gina M. Pighetti, Megan R. Lerner, Xiying Wu, Stan A. Lightfoot, Daniel J. Brackett, Kathleen Darcy, Alan B. Hollingsworth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


The peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs) α, β/δ, and γ are novel nuclear hormone receptors activated by long chain fatty acids and synthetic ligands and which regulate lipid metabolism. Recent studies have detected PPARγ mRNA in human mammary tumor cell lines. The current study examined the expression profile of PPAR mRNAs in normal and malignant rodent mammary tissues. Virgin murine mammary glands contained PPAR α, β/δ, and γ mRNAs based on northern blot analysis. The PPARγ isoform was predominantly γ2 based on quantitative PCR analysis. During pregnancy and lactation, the PPARα and γ mRNAs decreased while the PPAR β/δ mRNA remained relatively unchanged. NMuMG cells, an epithelial line derived from normal murine mammary gland, expressed PPAR α, β/δ, and γ mRNAs, independent of the presence or absence of compounds modifying PPAR activity. In rats, the physiologic expression pattern of PPARγ mRNA paralleled the murine model; levels were detected in virgin but not lactating mammary glands. In addition, the PPARγ mRNA was not detected in several histologically distinct 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene induced mammary tumors. These findings suggest that PPARs may regulate mammary epithelial and stromal cell function in response to physiologic or pathologic stimuli that profoundly alter lipid metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-817
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3
StatePublished - 30 Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes


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