Freshwater community interactions and malaria

Eliška Rejmánková*, John Grieco, Nicole Achee, Penny Masuoka, Kevin Pope, Donald Roberts, Richard M. Higashi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The incidence of malaria has recently increased in many parts of the tropics. This increase is due mainly to drug resistance and the failure of disease control measures. But changes in vector (mosquito) and host (human) ecology may also play a role. This chapter presents results from field studies in Belize showing that freshwater community changes lead to changes in malaria transmission. Changes in vegetation structure, mediated by an anthropogenic increase in aquatic nutrients, lead to replacement of one mosquito species by another. Species-specific habitat selection by mosquito females leads to the replacement of a less efficient malaria vector by a more efficient one. Vector ecology is influenced by changes in land cover and host availability, leading to predictable changes in malarial dynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDisease Ecology
Subtitle of host publicationCommunity Structure and Pathogen Dynamics
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780191717871
ISBN (Print)9780198567080
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Aquatic
  • Belize
  • Community
  • Freshwater
  • Host
  • Land cover
  • Mosquito
  • Nutrients
  • Vector
  • Vegetation


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