Genetic polymorphisms in XRCC1 associated with radiation therapy in prostate cancer

Rui Gao, Douglas K. Price, William L. Dahut, Eddie Reed, William D. Figg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Radiation therapy is a potentially curative, important treatment option in localized prostate cancer. However, at 8 years after radiation therapy, even in the best risk subset of patients, approximately 10% of patients will experience clinical disease recurrence. The identification of molecular markers of treatment success or failure may allow for the development of strategies to further improve treatment outcomes. Herein, we investigated five molecular markers of dna repair. 513 patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), including 284 patients who received radiotherapy, 229 patients without radiotherapy, and 152 healthy individuals were genotyped for 5 polymorphisms in dna excision repair genes: ERCC1 N118N (500C>T), XPD K751Q (2282a>C), XRCC1 R194W (685C>T), XRCC1 R399Q (1301G>A) and PARP1 V762A (2446T>C). The distribution of genetic polymorphisms in the patients with CRPC and in healthy controls was compared, and the association between the polymorphisms and overall survival was investigated. The polymorphisms evaluated did not show differences between the patient group and the healthy controls, nor did they show a trend toward an association with survival. However, in the radiation treated subgroup, the median survival time was associated with the XRCC1 haplotype. The median survival time was 11.75 years for patients with the R399Q aa/R194W CC haplotype, 12.17 years for patients with the R399Q AG/R194W CC haplotype, 6.665 years for patients with the R399Q AG/R194W CT haplotype, and 6.21 years for patients with the R399Q GG/R194W CT haplotype (p = 0.034). This association was not found when all patients were investigated. We conclude that the genetic polymorphisms in XRCC1 may affect the outcome in patients who received radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Biology and Therapy
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BER
  • DNA excision repair
  • Genetic polymorphism
  • Haplotype
  • Prostate cancer
  • Radiotherapy
  • XRCC1

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