Geospatial Assessment to Improve Time to Treatment (GAITT)

Matthew M. McDonough*, Patrick J. Benoit, Molly P. Jarman, Kyle N. Remick

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Geographic information systems (GIS) can optimize trauma systems by identifying ways to reduce time to treatment. Using GIS, this study analyzed a system in Maryland served by Johns Hopkins Suburban Hospital and the University of Maryland Capital Region Medical Center. It was hypothesized that including Walter Reed National Military Medical Center (WRNMMC) in the Maryland trauma system in an access simulation would provide increased timely access for a portion of the local population. Materials and methods: Using ArcGIS Online, catchment areas with and without WRNMMC were built. Catchment areas captured Johns Hopkins Suburban Hospital, University of Maryland Capital Region Medical Center, and WRNMMC at 5-, 10-, 15-, 20-, 25-, 30-, 45-, and 60-min. Various time conditions were simulated (12 am, 8 am, 12 pm, and 5 pm) on a weekday and weekend day. Data was enriched with 19 variables addressing population size, socioeconomic status, and diversity. Results: All catchment areas benefited on at least one time-day simulation, but the largest increases in mean population coverage were in the 0-5 (10.5%), 5-10 (12.3%), and 10-15 min (5.7%) catchment areas. These areas benefited regardless of time-day simulation. The lowest increase in mean population coverage was seen in the 20-25-min catchment area (0.1%). Subgroup analysis revealed that all socioeconomic status and diversity groups gained coverage. Conclusions: This study suggests that incorporating WRNMMC into the Maryland trauma system might yield increased population coverage for timely trauma access. If incorporated, WRNMMC may provide nonstop or flexible coverage, possibly in different traffic scenarios or while civilian centers are on diversion status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-659
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Nov 2023


  • GIS
  • Health policy
  • Military trauma
  • Trauma
  • Trauma access
  • Trauma system


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