Harmful algal bloom-associated marine toxins: A risk assessment framework

Pamela Krahl*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Marine toxins produced by harmful algal blooms (HABs) present a health risk to humans, but the extent of that risk remains unquantified. Increases in bloom frequency and geographic distribution present a potential for increased human exposure to these toxins, raising concerns among HAB researchers regarding an emerging public health problem. A risk assessment framework is presented with 2 objectives: (1) to provide a road map for integration and coordination of health-related research efforts and (2) to provide an overview of this complex problem to possible collaborators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Environmental and Occupational Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Harmful algal blooms
  • Marine toxins
  • Research gap analysis
  • Risk assesment


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