Hepatitis C and Renal Transplantation in the Era of Modern Immunosuppression

Kevin C. Abbott*, Jay R. Bucci, Cal S. Matsumoto, S. John Swanson, Lawrence Y.C. Agodoa, Kent C. Holtzmuller, David F. Cruess, Thomas G. Peters

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations

Abstract

Kidneys from donors who are positive for hepatitis C virus (DHCV+) have recently been identified as an independent risk factor for mortality after renal transplantation. However, it has not been determined whether risk persists after adjustment for baseline cardiac comorbidity or applies in the era of modern immunosuppression. Therefore, a historical cohort study was conducted of US adult cadaveric renal transplant recipients from January 1, 1996, to May 31, 2001; followed until October 31, 2001. A total of 36,956 patients had valid donor and recipient HCV serology. Cox regression analysis was used to model adjusted hazard ratios for mortality and graft loss, respectively, adjusted for other factors, including comorbid conditions from Center for Medicare and Medicaid Studies Form 2728 and previous dialysis access-related complications. It was found that DHCV+ was independently associated with an increased risk of mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 2.12, 95% confidence interval, 1.72 to 2.87; P < 0.001), primarily as a result of infection. Mycophenolate mofetil was associated with improved survival in DHCV+ patients, primarily related to fewer infectious deaths. Adjusted analyses limited to recipients who were HCV+, HCV negative, or age 65 and over, or by use of mycophenolate mofetil confirmed that DHCV+ was independently associated with mortality in each subgroup. It is concluded that DHCV+ is independently associated with an increased risk of mortality after renal transplantation adjusted for baseline comorbid conditions in all subgroups. Recipients of DHCV+ organs should be considered at high risk for excessive immunosuppression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2908-2918
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2003

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