The response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the liver is complex, requiring cell-to-cell interactions between hepatocytes and liver nonparenchymal cells (NPC), in particular, Kupffer cells. Previous studies show that cytokines produced by Kupffer cells stimulated with LPS can, in turn, activate hepatocytes. In the present study, we sought to examine whether the reverse, hepatocyte (HC)-NPC interactions, is important in cytokine production in mixed cell cocultures. LPS-stimulated production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 from NPC was augmented in mixed HC-NPC cocultures, as compared with NPC monocultures. This HC-NPC interaction was not observed when hepatocytes were cocultured with NPC from TLR4-mutant (C3H/HeJ) mice or CD14-deficient mice. The effect was partially lost when hepatocytes from lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP)-deficient mice were cocultured with wild-type mice. These data indicate that functional TLR4 and CD14 are required for NPC production of cytokines and that at least one of the critical components from hepatocytes is LBP. The augmented cytokine production by mixed HC-NPC cocultures was abrogated when the cells were separated by a filter system, indicating that close cell interactions are also required for this interaction. Thus, interaction between hepatocytes and NPC are critical for cytokine secretion by NPC.
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - May 2005|