A simple and sensitive HPLC-UV assay was developed for the measurement of iothalamate (IOT) in human serum and urine. Chromatographic separation was achieved using an embedded-carbamate-group bonded RP18 column and mobile phase consisting of 50 mM monobasic sodium phosphate and methanol (90:10, v/v) without the addition of ion-pair reagents. The assay demonstrated a high analytical reliability within the IOT concentration range of 1-150 μg/ml in serum and 25-1500 μg/ml in urine. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) for intra- and inter-day analysis were less than 5.1% in all cases. This method has been used for the evaluation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in subjects participating in a phase I clinical trial of a novel antimalarial medicine. The average baseline GFR was 100.41 ± 19.99 ml/min/1.73 m2 in 119 healthy volunteers. The assay may also allow the simultaneous measurements of p-aminohippuric acid (PAH), N-acetyl PAH (aPAH), and IOT with some modification. PAH, IOT, aPAH, and β-hydroxyethyl-theophylline internal standard peaks appeared approximately at 2.5, 3.7, 5.9, and 11.8 min, respectively, in an isocratic run.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences|
|State||Published - 1 Sep 2007|