Hispanic acculturation and utilization of cervical cancer screening in the US

Mona Shah, Kangmin Zhu*, Hongyu Wu, John Potter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Hispanic women have an incidence rate of invasive cervical cancer that is twice as high as that of non-Hispanic White women. Previous investigations have reported that Hispanics are less likely to utilize cancer screening services. Using data from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey, this study examined whether acculturation of Hispanic women was associated with cervical cancer screening. Methods. The subjects included 2307 Hispanic women aged 21-70 who did not have a history of cervical cancer or a hysterectomy. Women were analyzed by acculturation level according to whether or not they ever had a Pap smear and had one in the previous year and previous 3 years. Results. Acculturation levels tended to be inversely correlated with no Pap smear. Compared to lower acculturated women, women who were more acculturated were less likely to never had a Pap smear (OR = 0.86; 95% CI = 0.58-1.27 for moderate acculturated women and OR = 0.51; 95% CI = 0.29-0.89 for higher acculturated women). Similar results were found for having no Pap smear within the past 3 years (OR = 0.83; 95% CI = 0.61-1.13 for moderate acculturated women and OR = 0.73; 95% CI = 0.49-1.08 for higher acculturated women). Conclusion. The findings show that lower acculturation was associated with the under use of cervical cancer screening and suggest that these women might have barriers in accessing and utilizing Pap smears.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-149
Number of pages4
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Cervical Cancer
  • Hispanics
  • Screening
  • Women

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