A small caliber vascular graft from porcine small intestine submucosa (SIS) was implanted in a canine carotid artery (n = 24) and compared with an autogenous saphenous vein graft that was implanted in the contralateral carotid artery. In this study, four grafts were evaluated at the following times after surgery: 2, 7, 14, 28, 90, and 180 days. One SIS graft thrombosed at 2 days, two SIS and two saphenous vein grafts were thrombosed at 90 days, and one SIS and one saphenous vein graft were thrombosed at 180 days. At 2 days after implant, the luminal surface of the SIS graft was covered by a thin (30 μ) fibrin meshwork. By 14 days after surgery, endothelial cells on the fibrin meshwork were staining for FVIII-related antigen. Smooth muscle cells were observed in the new intima (fibrin meshwork) by 28 days. At 90 days, both types of graft had arterialized with an intima covered by endothelium, a smooth muscle media, and marked adventitial fibrosis. Similar histology was observed at 180 days. These results indicate that this SIS graft was similar to saphenous vein graft in the dog.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American Journal of Pathology|
|State||Published - 1992|