Identification of Near-Pan-neutralizing Antibodies against HIV-1 by Deconvolution of Plasma Humoral Responses

Mohammad Mohseni Sajadi*, Amir Dashti, Zahra Rikhtegaran Tehrani, William D. Tolbert, Michael S. Seaman, Xin Ouyang, Neelakshi Gohain, Marzena Pazgier, Dongkyoon Kim, Guy Cavet, Jean Yared, Robert R. Redfield, George K. Lewis, Anthony L. DeVico

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anti-HIV-1 envelope broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (bNAbs) isolated from memory B cells may not fully represent HIV-1-neutralizing profiles measured in plasma. Accordingly, we characterized near-pan-neutralizing antibodies extracted directly from the plasma of two “elite neutralizers.” Circulating anti-gp120 polyclonal antibodies were deconvoluted using proteomics to guide lineage analysis of bone marrow plasma cells. In both subjects, a single lineage of anti-CD4-binding site (CD4bs) antibodies explained the plasma-neutralizing activity. Importantly, members of these lineages potently neutralized 89%–100% of a multi-tier 117 pseudovirus panel, closely matching the specificity and breadth of the circulating antibodies. X-ray crystallographic analysis of one monoclonal, N49P7, suggested a unique ability to bypass the CD4bs Phe43 cavity, while reaching deep into highly conserved residues of Layer 3 of the gp120 inner domain, likely explaining its extreme potency and breadth. Further direct analyses of plasma anti-HIV-1 bNAbs should provide new insights for developing antibody-based antiviral agents and vaccines. An HIV-neutralizing antibody achieves near-pan-neutralizing activity through recognition of a highly conserved, difficult-to-access region of the viral gp120 glycoprotein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1783-1795.e14
JournalCell
Volume173
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HIV-1
  • antibody
  • broadly neutralizing antibody
  • humoral immunity
  • pan-neutralization
  • repertoire

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