Impact of Nonpharmaceutical Interventions During the COVID-19 Pandemic on Medically Attended Acute Respiratory Infection: The U.S. Naval Academy Experience

Eugene V. Millar, Stephen P. Rossi, Simon Pollett, Adam K. Saperstein, Timothy H. Burgess, Jitendrakumar Modi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Medically attended acute respiratory infections (MAARI) at the U.S. Naval Academy increase during Plebe Summer, a training program for incoming freshmen. Because of COVID-19, extensive nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPI) were implemented during 2020 Plebe Summer. METHODS: We reviewed MAARI counts in weeks 22-45 from 2012 to 2020 and compared counts in pandemic (2020) vs. pre-pandemic (2012-2019) periods. RESULTS: From 2012 to 2019, an average of 1,642 MAARI cases occurred annually. In 2020, 443 MAARI cases occurred. NPI use was associated with a 77% reduction in MAARI. CONCLUSIONS: During a high-risk military training period, routine NPI use was associated with a major reduction in MAARI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e953-e956
JournalMilitary Medicine
Volume188
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 May 2023
Externally publishedYes

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