Impact of testosterone replacement therapy on thromboembolism, heart disease and obstructive sleep apnoea in men

Alexander P. Cole, Julian Hanske, Wei Jiang, Nicollette K. Kwon, Stuart R. Lipsitz, Martin Kathrins, Peter A. Learn, Maxine Sun, Adil H. Haider, Shehzad Basaria, Quoc Dien Trinh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Objectives: To assess the association of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) with thromboembolism, cardiovascular disease (stroke, coronary artery disease and heart failure) and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Methods: A cohort of 3 422 male US military service members, retirees and their dependents, aged 40–64 years, was identified, who were prescribed TRT between 2006 and 2010 for low testosterone levels. The men in this cohort were matched on a 1:1 basis for age and comorbidities to men without a prescription for TRT. Event-free survival and rates of thromboembolism, cardiovascular events and OSA were compared between men using TRT and the control group, with a median follow-up of 17 months. Results: There was no difference in event-free survival with regard to thromboembolism (P = 0.239). Relative to controls, men using TRT had improved cardiovascular event-free survival (P = 0.004), mainly as a result of lower incidence of coronary artery disease (P = 0.008). The risk of OSA was higher in TRT users (2-year risk 16.5% [95% confidence interval 15.1–18.1] in the TRT group vs 12.7% [11.4–14.1] in the control group. Conclusions: This study adds to growing evidence that the cardiovascular risk associated with TRT may be lower than once feared. The elevated risk of OSA in men using TRT is noteworthy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-818
Number of pages8
JournalBJU International
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • cardiovascular risk
  • hypogonadism
  • male aging
  • obstructive sleep apnoea
  • testosterone
  • thromboembolism


Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of testosterone replacement therapy on thromboembolism, heart disease and obstructive sleep apnoea in men'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this