This analysis describes the incidence of visual dysfunctions following a diagnosis of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among active component service members. The visual dysfunctions were divided into 9 major categories. A comparison group of service members with no history of TBI was used to determine relative incidence rates. The most commonly diagnosed visual dysfunctions were subjective visual disturbances, convergence insufficiency (CI), visual field loss, and accommodative dysfunction (AD). Service members with mild or moderate/severe TBI had significantly higher incidences of AD and CI compared to service members with no TBI. Results of survival analysis showed that service members with mild or moderate/severe TBI had lower probabilities of remaining without the visual dysfunction outcome at almost every week of follow-up in the first year after TBI diagnosis compared to those with no TBI. The findings of this report suggest opportunities to improve both documentation and access to care for service members with these conditions.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Medical Surveillance Monthly Report|
|State||Published - Sep 2019|