Influenza surveillance in Indonesia: 1999-2003

Charmagne G. Beckett*, Herman Kosasih, Chairin Ma'roef, Erlin Listiyaningsih, Iqbal R.F. Elyazar, Suharyono Wuryadi, Djoko Yuwono, James L. McArdle, Andrew L. Corwin, Kevin R. Porter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Although influenza is recognized for its worldwide importance, little is known about the disease from tropical countries like Indonesia. From August 1999 through January 2003, a surveillance study was conducted in clinics at 6 sentinel locations. Adults (age, >14 years) and children (age, 4-14 years) presenting with respiratory symptoms suggestive of influenza were asked to enroll in the study. Nasal and pharyngeal swabs were examined by virus isolation, polymerase chain reaction, and rapid immunochromatographic tests. A total of 3079 specimens were collected from 1544 participants. Influenza infection was confirmed in 172 volunteers (11.1%) presenting with influenza-like illness. Influenza A (H1N1 and H3N2) and B viruses were detected at all sites. Peak prevalence tended to coincide with the respective rainy seasons, regardless of location. In light of the recent epidemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome, continued influenza surveillance would be useful in strengthening the infrastructure of the Indonesian public health system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-449
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Issue number4
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes


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