Initial pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of PSC 833, a P- glycoprotein antagonist

Richard M. Lush, Beverly Meadows, Antonio T. Fojo, Gaetana Kalafsky, Harold T. Smith, Susan Bates*, William D. Figg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Resistant cancer cells have been shown to overexpress a 170-kd membrane glycoprotein culled P-glycoprotein. P-glycoprotein, a product of the multidrug resistance 1 gene, functions as an energy-dependent efflux pump that decreases intracellular drug concentrations. A variety of nonchemotherapeutic agents have been shown to inhibit P-glycoprotein- dependent drug efflux including cyclosporin. PSC 833 is a nonimmunosuppressive derivative of cyclosporin D with the ability to reverse multidrug resistance because of P-glycoprotein overexpression in vitro. As part of early clinical development of PSC 833, the authors investigated the bioavailability of an oral formulation of PCS 833. PSC 833 (3 mg/kg) was administered as a 2-hour intravenous infusion on day I of the treatment cycle. Serial blood samples for the determination of PSC 833 whole blood concentrations were obtained after both the intravenous and oral doses. On day 5 of the study, patients received a single oral dose (9 mg/kg) of PSC 833. A total of 14 patients were treated. The intravenous data were best described by a two-compartment open model. The oral data also were described using a two-compartment model, with oral absorption incorporating a lag time to account for possible delays in absorption. There was large intra- and interpatient variability in the pharmacokinetics of PSC 833 in these patients. The absolute bioavailability of PSC 833 was 34% but ranged from 3% to 58% of the administered dose. The clearance (Cl) of PSC 833, in general, was consistent between the two dose forms administered. The pharmacokinetic behavior of PSC 833 appears to be similar to that of cyclosporine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-128
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Pharmacology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1997
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Initial pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of PSC 833, a P- glycoprotein antagonist'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this