Injury-induced MRP8/MRP14 stimulates IP-10/CXCL10 in monocytes/macrophages

Juan Wang, Yoram Vodovotz, Liyan Fan, Yuehua Li, Zheng Liu, Rami Namas, Derek Barclay, Ruben Zamora, Timothy R. Billiar, Mark A. Wilson, Jie Fan*, Yong Jiang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Trauma/hemorrhagic shock is associated with morbidity and mortality due to dysregulated inflammation, which is driven in part by monocytes/macrophages stimulated by injury-induced release of damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) molecules. MRP8/MRP14 is an endogenous DAMP involved in various inflammatory diseases, though its mechanism of action is unclear. Circulating MRP8/MRP14 levels in human blunt trauma nonsurvivors were significantly lower than those of survivors (P < 0.001). Human monocytic THP-1 cells stimulated with MRP8/MRP14 expressed the chemokine IFN-g inducible protein 10 (IP-10)/CXCL10. Circulating IP-10 levels in human blunt trauma patients were correlated positively with MRP8/MRP14 levels (r = 0.396, P < 0.001), and were significantly lower in trauma nonsurvivors than in survivors (P < 0.001). We therefore sought to determine the mechanisms by which MRP8/MRP14 stimulates IP-10 in monocytes/macrophages, and found that induction of IP-10 by MRP8/MRP14 required Toll-like receptor 4 and TRIF but not MyD88. Full induction of IP-10 by MRP8/MRP14 required synergy between the transcription factors NF-κB and IFN regulatory factor 3 (IRF3). The receptor for IP-10 is CXCR3, and MRP8/MRP14-induced chemotaxis of CXCR3+ cells was dependent on the production of IP-10 in monocytes/macrophages. Furthermore, in vivo study with a mouse trauma/hemorrhagic shock model showed that administration of neutralizing antibody against MRP8 prevented activation of NF-κB and IRF3 as well as IP-10 production. Thus, the current study identified a novel signaling mechanism that controls IP-10 expression in monocytes/macrophages by MRP8/MRP14, which may play an important role in injury-induced inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-262
Number of pages13
JournalFASEB Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • IFN regulatory factor 3
  • Myeloid-related protein
  • Toll-like receptor 4


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