Integration of behavioral health and primary care: current knowledge and future directions

Mark E Vogel, Kathryn E Kanzler, James E Aikens, Jeffrey L Goodie

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


Integrated behavioral health in primary care has spread rapidly over the past three decades, although significant questions remain unanswered regarding best practices in clinical, financial and operational worlds. Two key models have emerged over time: care management and Primary Care Behavioral Health. Research to date has been promising; however, there is a significant need for more sophisticated multi-level scientific methodologies to fill in the gaps in current knowledge of integrated primary care. In this paper, we summarize current scientific knowledge about integrated primary care and critically evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of this knowledge base, focusing on clinical, financial and operational factors. Finally, we recommended priorities for future research, dissemination, real-world implementation, and health policy implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-84
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of behavioral medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2017


  • Behavioral Medicine/trends
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated/trends
  • Forecasting
  • Health Policy/trends
  • Health Services Research/trends
  • Humans
  • Primary Health Care/trends


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