In most cases, normal-hearing listeners perform better when a target speech signal is masked by a single irrelevant speech masker than they do with a noise masker at an equivalent signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). However, this relative advantage for segregating target speech from a speech masker versus a noise masker may not come without a cost: segregating speech from speech may require the allocation of additional cognitive resources that are not required to segregate speech from noise. The cognitive resources required to extract a target speech signal from different backgrounds can be assessed by varying the complexity of the listening task. Examples include: 1) contrasting the difference between the detection of a speech signal and the correct identification of its contents; 2) contrasting the difference between single-task diotic and dual-task dichotic listening tasks; and 3) contrasting the difference between standard listening tasks and one-back tasks where listeners must keep one response in memory during each stimulus presentation. By examining performance with different kinds of maskers in tasks with different levels of complexity, we can start to determine the impact that the informational and energetic components of masking have on the listening effort required to understand speech in complex environments.
|Journal||Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics|
|State||Published - 2013|
|Event||21st International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2013 - 165th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America - Montreal, QC, Canada|
Duration: 2 Jun 2013 → 7 Jun 2013